Amnesty International

Amnesty International
   Amnesty International is a private, nongovernmental international organization that works to prevent some of the gravest violations by governments of people's fundamental human rights. It was founded in 1961 and received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1977. AI's main focus is to free all prisoners of conscience; ensure fair and prompt trials for political prisoners; abolish the death penalty, torture, and other cruel treatment of prisoners; and end extrajudicial executions. Thus, AI has been a major actor supporting human rights for the Kurds. As a result, AI has been strongly criticized by governments accused of violating Kurdish human rights.
   AI has also worked to correct human rights violations committed by various Kurdish organizations such as occurred during the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP)-Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) fighting in northern Iraq in the mid-1990s. In April 2009, AI released a critical report about the situation currently prevailing under the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG). This new AI report, based on research conducted in 2008, found that security forces in the KRG were operating "beyond the rule of law" and cited specific cases where individuals had "disappeared" and detainees had been tortured with electric shocks, sleep deprivation, kicking, suspension by the wrists and ankles, and beaten with fists, cables, and batons. AI said that the KRG had failed to control the security wings of the KDP and PUK but specifically singled out Asayesh, the security and intelligence agency of the KDP. On the other hand, the AI report admitted that progress in human rights abuses had been made, particularly regarding the release of political prisoners detained without charges or trial. Nechirvan Barzani, the prime minister of the KRG, promised to correct the problems.
   See also Besikci, Ismail; Birdal, Akin.

Historical Dictionary of the Kurds. .

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Amnesty international — Logo de Amnesty International Contexte général Champs d action Défense des droits de l homme Zone d influence …   Wikipédia en Français

  • AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL — Créé en 1961, à l’inspiration de Peter Benenson, avocat britannique, Amnesty International est un mouvement indépendant. Cette organisation, dont le siège international est à Londres, œuvre en faveur des personnes emprisonnées pour des «raisons… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Amnesty International —    Amnesty International was founded in 1961 by Peter Benenson. It is an independent worldwide voluntary movement, with a membership of 120,000 individuals in over 300 local groups throughout the UK. The organization’s mandate calls for the… …   Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture

  • Amnesty International — (izg. ȅmnesti internèšonal) m DEFINICIJA nevladina, međunarodna organizacija koja se zalaže za poštivanje ljudskih prava i oslobađanje političkih i vjerskih zatvorenika ETIMOLOGIJA engl …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Amnesty International — Infobox NPO organization name = Amnesty International organization organization motto = It is better to light a candle than to curse the darkness. [cite web|url= of amnesty international/meaning of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Amnesty International — AI * * * am|nes|ty in|ter|na|tio|nal 〈[æ̣mnəstı ıntə(r)næ̣ʃənəl] f.; ; unz.; Abk.: ai〉 internationale Menschenrechtsorganisation, die sich um die Freilassung polit. Gefangener bemüht [engl.] * * * Am|nes|ty In|ter|na|tio|nal [ æmnɪsti ɪntɐ… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Amnesty International — an independent worldwide organization working against human rights violations and for the release of persons imprisoned for political or religious dissent; Nobel peace prize 1977. Abbr.: AI, A.I. * * * ▪ international organization  international… …   Universalium

  • Amnesty International —    An international human rights nongovernmental organization. Created in 1961 by Peter Benenson, an English lawyer, Amnesty International works to free “prisoners of conscience” those detained not only for political reasons but also for race,… …   Historical Dictionary of the “Dirty Wars”

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